Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs comprises more than 70 full-time faculty and more than 200 adjunct faculty, scholars, and practitioners. All have distinguished themselves in research and leadership in the policy world, and have produced scholarship in a wide variety of subjects, including international relations, democratization, elections, demography, and social policy.

January 2019|Review of Economics and Statistics|Jeffrey Shrader, Matthew Gibson

Time Use and Labor Productivity: The Returns to Sleep (forthcoming)

July 2018|Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Terrorism and Other Hazards|Karen L. Levin , Thomas E. Chandler

Widespread scientific consensus exists that the world’s climate is changing, with a majority of scientists in agreement that anthropogenic climate change is having increasingly adverse effects on human health (National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA] Global Climate Change, 2018; U.S. Global Change Research Program [USGCRP], 2017). Some of these changes include rising temperatures, more variable weather, heat waves, heavy precipitation events, flooding, droughts, more intense storms, sea level rise, and air pollution. Each of these impacts is currently or has the potential to negatively affect population health. While climate change is a global issue, the effects of climate change will vary across geographical regions and populations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017a). The influence of climate change on human health appears in scientific, environmental, and public health literature, and, in more recent years, a growing discussion and advocacy for personal and professional response are present in the nursing literature. This chapter provides an overview of the influence of climate change on health, along with a selection of key findings from surveys exploring nurses’ knowledge, beliefs, and challenges in responding to climate change. A wide range of ongoing activities at various practice settings offers resources for further study and action opportunities for nurses and their healthcare partners.

July 2018|Stimson|Victoria Holt

The 2018 NATO summit in Brussels focused heavily on strong defense and deterrence, with emphasis on counterterrorism operations.  In advance, NATO commissioned an article, Preparing to Protect: Advice on Implementing NATO's Protection of Civilian Policy, by Marla Keenan and Stimson Distinguished Fellow Victoria Holt, to highlight how NATO will address mitigating harm to civilians in these future operations.  The article looks at the origins of NATO’s protection of civilians policy, with a specific focus on the challenge of mitigating harm from its own operations and from the harm of others (e.g., mass atrocities).  With adoption of its new policy in 2016, NATO has expressly defined both ambitions for the first time. This challenge will be real in future crisis situations, whether in war-fighting and stability operations like Afghanistan and Libya, or for collective defense and counterterrorism operations closer to home.

The road to the policy began in 2007, with widely-reported mass civilian casualty incidents in Afghanistan.  NATO leaders recognized the need to reduce harm and improve its ability to protect civilians from its own operations. This approach required both new guidance and practice. In 2010, NATO created a Brussels-based office focused on the protection of civilians within the operations division. In 2011, the Operation Unified Protection in Libya was mandated to protect civilians from others' actions including with authorization to use force to do so.  This marked the first time both protection goals were explicit for NATO.  Experts recognized a significant gap in NATO military force’s understanding of how to implement the mandate, measure progress, and define the desired end state. Recognizing the challenges of Libya, the changing character of warfare, the high risks to civilians, and the likelihood that future NATO operations would need to mitigate harm to civilians, NATO adopted its new policy in 2016.  NATO’s efforts to support better analysis, planning, and training for future operations to protect civilians efforts will enhance its success, and should include outreach to experts in both the civilian and military communities.

May 2018|Columbia University Press|William B. Eimicke, Howard W. Buffett

Social Value Investing presents a new way to approach some of society’s most difficult and intractable challenges. Although many of our world’s problems may seem too great and too complex to solve — inequality, climate change, affordable housing, corruption, healthcare, food insecurity — solutions to these challenges do exist, and will be found through new partnerships bringing together leaders from the public, private, and philanthropic sectors.

In their new book, Howard W. Buffett and William B. Eimicke present a five-point management framework for developing and measuring the success of such partnerships. Inspired by value investing — one of history’s most successful investment paradigms — this framework provides tools to maximize collaborative efficiency and positive social impact, so that major public programs can deliver innovative, inclusive, and long-lasting solutions. It also offers practical insights for any private sector CEO, public sector administrator, or nonprofit manager hoping to build successful cross-sector collaborations.

Social Value Investing tells the compelling stories of cross-sector partnerships from around the world — Central Park and the High Line in New York City, community-led economic development in Afghanistan, and improved public services in cities across Brazil. Drawing on lessons and observations from a broad selections of collaborations, this book combines real life stories with detailed analysis, resulting in a blueprint for effective, sustainable partnerships that serve the public interest. Readers also gain access to original, academic case material and professionally produced video documentaries for every major partnerships profiled — bringing to life the people and stories in a way that few other business or management books have done.

March 2018|Alexander Hertel-Fernandez

Employers are increasingly recruiting their workers into politics to change elections and public policy-sometimes in coercive ways. Using a diverse array of evidence, including national surveys of workers and employers, as well as in-depth interviews with top corporate managers, Alexander Hertel-Fernandez's Politics at Work explains why mobilization of workers has become an appealing corporate political strategy in recent decades. The book also assesses the effect of employer mobilization on the political process more broadly, including its consequences for electoral contests, policy debates, and political representation. 

Hertel-Fernandez shows that while employer political recruitment has some benefits for American democracy-for instance, getting more workers to the polls-it also has troubling implications for our democratic system. Workers face considerable pressure to respond to their managers' political requests because of the economic power employers possess over workers. In spite of these worrisome patterns, Hertel-Fernandez found that corporate managers view the mobilization of their own workers as an important strategy for influencing politics. As he shows, companies consider mobilization of their workers to be even more effective at changing public policy than making campaign contributions or buying electoral ads. 

Hertel-Fernandez closes with an array of solutions that could protect workers from employer political coercion and could also win the support of majorities of Americans. By carefully examining a growing yet underappreciated political practice, Politics at Work contributes to our understanding of the changing workplace, as well as the increasing power of corporations in American politics. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the connections between inequality, public policy, and American democracy.

February 2018|Health Systems & Reform|Lisa Tarantino, C. James Hospedales
January 2018|American Economic Journal: Applied Economics|Rodrigo Soares, Rafael Dix-Carneiro, Gabriel Ulyssea

Economic Shocks and Crime: Evidence from the Brazilian Trade Liberalization

January 2018|Urban Disasters|Dale Buscher

Refugees in the City: Promoting Resilience and Restoring Dignity

December 2017|Open Society Foundations|Anya Schiffrin, Beatrice Santa-Wood, Susanna De Martino, Nicole Pope, Ellen Hume

Journalists in many countries are experimenting with how to build trust and engage with audiences, and our report examines their efforts. In our study, Bridging the Gap: Rebuilding Citizen Trust in the Media, commissioned by the Open Society Foundation’s Program on Independent Journalism, we profile organizations that are working to build bridges with their readers, viewers and listeners and deliver relevant news to local audiences.

We surveyed 17 organizations and conducted interviews with representatives of 15 organizations, one of which chose to remain anonymous. Among others we spoke to Chequeado in Argentina, GroundUp in South Africa, Raseef 22 in the Middle East, 263 Chat in Zimbabwe, Krautreporter and Correct!v in Germany, as well as Bristol Cable in the UK. The report also includes an annotated bibliography of academic studies on media trust and media literacy and a list of ongoing initiatives as well as sidebars on past efforts to boost media credibility.

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